ANALISIS TERHADAP HADITH TENTANG PENYAMATARAFAN WANITA DAN HAIWAN: ULASAN DAN KRITIKAN

Norhasnira Ibrahim, Nur Saadah Hamisan@Khair, Shumsudin Yabi

Abstract


Selari dengan proses perkembangan sosialisasi semasa, cabaran terhadap sumber Islam juga sentiasa berkembang daripada pelbagai sudut yang berbeza. Khasnya terhadap isu yang berkaitan wanita, terdapat beberapa hadith yang dianggap merendahkan martabat wanita dan menyekat hak kebebasan wanita sebagai mana yang telah dihujahkan oleh golongan anti hadis, feminis dan orientalis. Manifestasi ketidakadilan jantina ini seterusnya menghasilkan penyebaran hadis-hadis misoginis (anti-wanita) yang telah disalahertikan interpretasinya. Kajian ini memfokuskan kepada hadith sahih yang dikatakan telah menyamatarafkan wanita dengan anjing dan keldai. Penjelasan mengenainya akan menyentuh perihal matan, pengertian kalimah, hukum yang dikeluarkan daripada hadith dan ulasan para ulama’ yang muktabar sebagai pencerahan bagi salahfaham terhadap hadith tersebut. 

Kata kunci: hadith, misoginis, feminisme, wanita, haiwan

 

Abstract

In line with the current development of socialization, the challenge of Islamic sources has also evolved from different angles. Particularly on women-related issues, there are several hadiths which are considered to degrade women's dignity and restrict the rights of women as have been argued and debated by anti-hadith groups, feminists and orientalists. The manifestation of gender inequality further resulted in the spread of hadiths that have been labelled as misogyny or anti-women which have been misinterpreted. This study focuses on the authentic hadiths that have been said to consider women have similar status with animal such as dog and donkey. Explanation of this debate will highlight on the matn (text) of the hadith, the meaning of the word, the law issued from the hadith, and the commentary of the scholars' as a justification towards the misunderstanding of the selected hadith.

 

Keywords: hadith, misogyny, feminism, women, animal


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