THE MASHÄ€HÄªR AL-Ê¿ULAMÄ€Ê¾ AL-AMá¹¢Ä€R OF IBN á¸¤IBBÄ€N AL-BUSTÄª (d. 354AH/965CE)
This brief article argues that early Muslim scholars correlated knowledge with social endurance. Ibn á¸¤ibbÄnâ€™s al-MashÄhÄ«r is a compendium of biographies of men of learning from various regions of early Islam which contained many entries the subjects of which included came literary individuals who took an active role in encouraging the spread of knowledge.Â This study attempts to examine the purposes, form, structure, content, total of figures, and basic strategies used in Ibn á¸¤ibbÄnâ€™s MashÄhÄ«r along with his general contribution to the science of á¸¥adÄ«th transmission in the late third and fourth Islamic centuries. It has not, however, produced a comprehensive examination of the wide dimension of prosopographical texts available in Ibn á¸¤ibbÄnâ€™s work. The task also involves analysing both theoretical and practical aspects of Ibn á¸¤ibbÄnâ€™s method for organizing. In the arrangement of biographical dictionary Ibn á¸¤ibbÄn could reveal the genealogy of authority he had constructed over the path of his career on the following generation of scholars as well as enhancing of important centre of á¸¥adÄ«th studies during three early centuries. Also, examining representations of towns or regions in the MashÄhÄ«r over a period reveals culturally and historically specific meaning and yields insight into peoplesâ€™ relationships to political and social realities.
ÂKeywords: Ibn á¸¤ibbÄn, MashÄhÄ«r, á¸¥adÄ«th, biographical dictionary, biography
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