MANHAJ SARJANA HADITH DALAM MENENTUKAN ‘ILLAH DALAM PERIWAYATAN AL-TAFARRUD: KAJIAN PERBANDINGAN ANTARA SARJANA MUTAQADDIMIN DAN MUTA’AKHKHIRIN

The Methodology of Hadith Scholars in Identifying ‘Illah in the Narration of al-Tafarrud: A Comparative Study Between Mutaqaddimin and Muta’akhkhirin Scholars

Authors

  • Mohd Aizul bin Yaakob Universiti Sains Malaysia
  • Roshimah Shamsudin Universiti Sains Malaysia

Abstract

There are differences in methods engaged by the mutaqaddimin as opposed to the muta’akhkhirin hadith scholars in deriving the ‘illah of the hadith narrations by way of al-tafarrud. This distinction can be seen through two main aspects, namely the method of determining the ‘illah and the terminology used to describe the existence of ‘illah in the narration of a hadith via tafarrud. Hence this article aims to examine both aspects that are contained in the methodologies employed by both the mutaqaddimin and the muta’akhkhirin hadith scholars in deriving ‘illah in tafarrud hadiths. In order to achieve these objectives, a qualitative study was conducted to procure the data through library research. The data was then analyzed based on inductive and deductive methods. The findings show that the mutaqaddimin hadith scholars determine ‘illah based on circumstantial evidence (qarinah) which shows there had been wahn in the concerned narration. The muta’akhkhirin hadith scholars on the other hand define ‘illah based on two main characteristics, namely the position of the narrators and the existence of the divergent textual-understanding element (al-mukhalafah) with other narrators.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abu al-Husayn, Ahmad bin Faris bin Zakariyya. (t.t.). Maqayis al-Lughah. tahqiq: ‘Abd al-Salam Muhammad Harun,.T.T: Dar al-Fikr.

Abu Dawud, Sulayman bin al-Asy‘ath. (2000). Mawsu‘ah al-Hadith al-Syarif Kutub al-Sittah, Sunan Abi Dawud bi Isyraf wa Muraja‘ah Salih bin ‘Abd al-‘Aziz bin Muhammad Ibrahim Alu Syaykh. c. 3. Riyadh: Dar al-Salam li al-Nasyr wa al-Tawzi‘.

Abu Ya‘la, al-Khalili bin ‘Abd Allah bin Ahmad bin Khalil al-Qazwini. (t.t.). Kitab al-Irsyad fi Ma‘rifah ‘Ulama’ al-Hadith. tahqiq: Muhammad Sa‘id bin ‘Umar Idris, Riyadh: Maktabah al-Rusyd.

al-‘Ayid, Ahmad et.al. (t.t), Al-Mu‘jam al-‘Arabi al-Asasi. T.T: Munazzamah al-‘Arabiyyah li al-Tarbiyyah wa al-Thaqafah wa al-‘Ulum.

Al-Asybili, Abu Muhammad ‘Abd al-Haq. (1995). Al-Ahkam al-Wusta min Hadith al-Nabi Salla Allah ‘alayhi wa Sallam. tahqiq: Hamdi al-Silafi et.al, j. 4, Riyadh: Maktabah al-Rusyd.

Al-Bukhari, Abu ‘Abd Allah Muhammad bin Isma‘il bin Ibrahim. (t.t.). Kitab al-Tarikh al-Kabir. j. 1. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.

Al-Dhahabi, Abu ‘Abd Allah Muhammad bin Ahmad bin ‘Uthman. (2015). Al-Muqizah fi ‘Ilm al-Mustalah al-Hadith. tahqiq: ‘Abd al-Fattah Abu Ghuddah. c. 8. Kaherah: Dar al-Salam.

Al-Dhahabi, Abu ‘Abd Allah Muhammad bin Ahmad bin ‘Uthman. (t.t.). Mizan al-‘I‘tidal fi Naqd al-Rijal. tahqiq: ‘Ali Muhammad al-Bajawi. Beirut: Dar al-Ma‘rifah.

Al-Fahd, Nasir Hamad. (2001). Manhaj al-Mutaqaddimin fi al-Tadlis. c. 1, Riyadh: Adwa’ al-Salaf.

Al-Ghawri, Sayyid ‘Abd al-Majid. (2007). Mu‘jam al-Mustalahat al-Hadithiyyah. c. 1, Beirut: Dar Ibn Kathir.

Hamam, ‘Abd al-Jawad. (2008), Al-Tafarrud fi Riwayah al-Hadith wa Manhaj al-Muhaddithin fi Qabulihi aw Raddihi (Dirasah Ta’siliyyah Tatbiqiyyah). c.1. Damsyiq: Dar al-Nawadir.

Al-Hasani, Al-Harith bin ‘Ali. (t.t.). Muntaqa al-Alfaz bi Taqrib ‘Ulum al-Hadith li al-Huffaz. c. 2. T.T: Maktabah Dar al-Bayan.

Ibn al-Salah, Abu ‘Amr ‘Uthman bin ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Syahrazuri. (2002). Ma‘rifah Anwa‘ ‘Ilm al-Hadith. tahqiq: ‘Abd al-Latif al-Hamim & Mahir Yasin al-Fahl. c. 1. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.

Ibn Hajar, Abu al-Fadl Ahmad bin ‘Ali bin Muhammad. (2012), Taqrib al-Tahdhib. tahqiq: Muhammad ‘Awwamah. c. 9. Jeddah: Dar al-Minhaj.

Ibn Hajar, Abu al-Fadl Ahmad bin ‘Ali bin Muhammad. (t.t.). Tabaqat al-Mudallisin Ta‘rif Ahl al-Taqdis bi Maratib al-Mawsufin bi al-Tadlis. tahqiq: ‘Asim bin ‘Abd Allah. c. 1. Jordan: Maktabah al-Mannar.

Ibn Hajar, Abu al-Fadl Ahmad bin ‘Ali bin Muhammad. (1994), Al-Nukat ‘ala Kitab Ibn al-Salah. tahqiq: Rabi‘ bin Hadi. c. 3. Riyadh: Dar al-Rayah.

Ibn Hajar, Abu al-Fadl Ahmad bin ‘Ali bin Muhammad. (2000). Syarh al-Nukhbah Nuzhah al-Nazar fi Tawdih Nukhbah al-Fikar fi Mustalah Ahl al-Athar. tahqiq: Nur al-Din ‘Itr. c. 3. Damsyik: Matba‘ah al-Sibah.

Ibn Hazm, Abu Muhammad ‘Ali bin Ahmad bin Sa‘id. (1983). Al-Ihkam fi Usul al-Ahkam. tahqiq: Ahmad Muhammad Syakir. j. 1. Beirut: Dar al-Afaq al-Jadidah.

Ibn Majah, Abu ‘Abd Allah Muhammad bin Yazid al-Qazwini. (2000). Mawsu‘ah al-Hadith al-Syarif Kutub al-Sittah, Sunan Ibn Majah bi Isyraf wa Muraja‘ah Salih bin ‘Abd al-‘Aziz bin Muhammad Ibrahim Alu Syaykh. c. 3. Riyadh: Dar al-Salam li al-Nasyr wa al-Tawzi‘.

Ibn Manzur, Muhammad bin Mukarram bin ‘Ali (t.t.). Lisan al-‘Arab. tahqiq: ‘Abd Allah ‘Ali al-Kabir. et.al., Kaherah: Dar al-Ma‘arif.

Ibn Qayyim, Syams al-Din Abu ‘Abd Allah Muhammad bin Abu Bakr al-Jawziyyah. (t.t.). Zad al-Ma‘ad fi Hady Khayr al-‘Ibad. tahqiq: Muhammad ‘Abd al-Mun‘im, Kaherah: Dar al-Bayan al-‘Arabi.

Ibn Rajab, Zayn al-Din Abu al-Farj ‘Abd al-Rahman bin Ahmad al-Hanbali. (2014), Syarh ‘Ilal al-Tirmidhi. tahqiq: Nur al-Din ‘It., c. 2. j. 1. Kaherah: Dar al-Salam.

Ibrahim bin ‘Abd Allah al-Lahim. (t.t.). Muqaranah al-Marwiyyat. c. 1. j. 1. Beirut: Mu’assasah al-Rayyan.

‘Iwad Allah, Tariq. (2017). Syarh al-Alfiyah al-Hadithiyyah al-Musammah bi Lughah al-Muhaddith al-Kubra. c. 1. j. 2. Kaherah: Dar Ibn ‘Affan.

Al-Juday‘, ‘Abd Allah bin Yusuf. (2003). Tahrir ‘Ulum al-Hadith. c. 1. Beirut: Mu’assasah al-Rayyan.

Al-Kattani, Muhammad bin Ja‘far .(1993). al-Risalah al-Mustatrafah li Bayan Masyhur Kutub al-Sunnah al-Musyarrafah. tahqiq: Muhammad al-Muntasir bin Muhammad al-Zamzami. c.5. Beirut: Dar al-Basya’ir al-Islamiyah.

Al-Khalil, Ahmad bin Muhammad. (2008). Mustadrak al-Ta‘lil ‘ala Irwa’ al-Ghalil. c. 1, T.T.P: Dar Ibn al-Jawzi.

Al-Malyabari, Hamzah ‘Abd Allah. (2001). Al-Muwazanah Bayna al-Mutaqaddimin wa al-Mutakhirin fi Tashih al-Ahadith wa Ta’liliha. c. 2. Beirut: Dar Ibn Hazm.

Al-Malyabari, Hamzah ‘Abd Allah. (2003). Nazarat Jadidah fi ‘Ulum al-Hadith. c. 2. Beirut: Dar Ibn Hazm.

Al-Muhammadi, ‘Abd al-Qadir Mustafa ‘Abd al-Razzaq. (2005). Al-Syadh wa Munkar wa Ziyadah al-Thiqah Muwazanah bayn al-Mutaqaddimin wa Muta’akhkhirin. c. 1. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub ‘Ilmiyyah.

Al-Nawawi, Abu Zakariya Yahya bin Syaraf. (1985). Al-Taqrib wa al-Taysir li Ma‘rifah Sunan al-Basyir al-Nadhir. tahqiq: Muhammad ‘Uthman al-Khasyt. c. 1. Beirut: Dar al-Kitab al-‘Arabi.

Al-Raghib al-Asfahani, Abu al-Qasim al-Husayn bin Muhammad. (t.t.). Al-Mufradat fi Gharib al-Quran tahqiq: Muhammad Sayyid Kaylani, Kitab al-Fa’, T.T.P.: T.T.

Al-Tibi, Ukasyah ‘Abd al-Manan. (1994). Fatawa al-Syeikh al-Albani wa Muqaranatuha bi Fatawa al-‘Ulama’. c. 1. Kaherah: Maktabah al-Turath al-Islami.

Al-Tirmidhi, Abu ‘Isa Muhammad. (2000). Mawsu‘ah al-Hadith al-Syarif Kutub al-Sittah. Jami‘ al-Tirmidhi bi Isyraf wa Muraja‘ah Salih bin ‘Abd al-‘Aziz bin Muhammad Ibrahim Alu Syaykh. c. 3. Riyadh: Dar al-Salam li al-Nasyr wa al-Tawzi‘.

Umar Muhammad Noor, et.al, Aliran Ihya’ Manhaj Mutaqaddimin Dan Pembaharuan Wacana Kritik Hadis Moden. HADIS: International Reviewed Academic Journal. Vol. 6, No. 12, December 2016. h. 54.

Al-Zarkasyi, Badr al-Din Abi ‘Abd Allah Muhammad bin Jamal al-Din ‘Abd Allah bin Bahadir. (1998). Al-Nukat ‘ala Muqaddimah Ibn al-Salah. tahqiq: Zayn al-‘Abidin bin Muhammad. c. 1. Riyadh: Maktabah Adwa’ al-Salaf.

Published

2019-12-18

How to Cite

Yaakob, M. A. bin, & Shamsudin, R. (2019). MANHAJ SARJANA HADITH DALAM MENENTUKAN ‘ILLAH DALAM PERIWAYATAN AL-TAFARRUD: KAJIAN PERBANDINGAN ANTARA SARJANA MUTAQADDIMIN DAN MUTA’AKHKHIRIN: The Methodology of Hadith Scholars in Identifying ‘Illah in the Narration of al-Tafarrud: A Comparative Study Between Mutaqaddimin and Muta’akhkhirin Scholars. Journal Of Hadith Studies, 4(2), 1-12. Retrieved from http://journalofhadith.usim.edu.my/index.php/johs/article/view/74

Issue

Section

Articles