METODOLOGI AL-HAFIZ IBN AL-SALAH DALAM PERMASALAHAN PENTASHIHAN HADIS DAN FENOMENA PENTASHIHAN PADA MASA KINI
AbstractIt is beyond doubt that al-á¸¤Äfiáº“ Ibn á¹¢alaá¸¥ is regarded by scholars of á¸¥adÄ«th as a founding father, a pioneer in the new arrangement of terminology of á¸¥adÄ«th (Muá¹£á¹alaá¸¥ al-á¸¤adÄ«th). Most of á¸¥adÄ«th scholars that appeared after his reign will commonly utilised the new framework of á¸¥adÄ«th studies based on Ibn á¹¢alaá¸¥â€™s arrangement. One of Ibn á¹¢alaá¸¥â€™s popular argument in á¸¥adÄ«th authentication (taá¹£á¸¥Ä«á¸¥ al-á¸¥adÄ«th) is that, he appeared as always disregarding the ability of new scholars in authenticating a á¸¥adÄ«th. For him, any status of á¸¥adÄ«th that has been given by the previous scholars (al-mutaqaddimÅ«n) is well enough to be used and argues the need to accept any new judgement by later scholar (al-mutaâ€™akhirÅ«n). This idea has been the centre of disputation among scholars of á¸¥adÄ«th. Thus, this study aims to (1) explore scholarsâ€™ opinion on the concept of á¸¥adÄ«th authentication, (2) analyse Ibn á¹¢alaá¸¥â€™s notion on this particular subject and (3) examine contemporary scholarsâ€™ opinion on this issue. The present study employs qualitative method in which textual analysis was used as its main mechanism in scrutinising the issue. The study it is finding argues that, indeed, the previous scholars (al-mutaqaddimÅ«n) plays an important role in justifying a status of á¸¥adÄ«th, but is does not deny the important roles of al-mutaâ€™akkhirÅ«n and their contribution in the process of á¸¥adÄ«th authentication.
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